Abstracts of papers - DVT 03:1
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Dějiny věd a techniky, No. 1, Vol. XXXVI (2003)

/03:1:1/

Luboš NOVÝ

COMMUNAUTÉ SCIENTIFIQUE TCHEQUE DANS LA PREMIERE MOITIÉ DU XIXe SIECLE

(Česká vědecká obec v první polovině 19. století)

Le but de cet article est d’examiner les possibilités d’utiliser des méthodes quantitives pour étudier la communauté scientifique dans les pays tcheques pendant la premiere moitié du XIXe siecle. L’article est fondé sur les idées exposées dans le travail cite [8] et les donnés de l’article [7], dont il est la suite. Tandis que certains résultats historiques partiels sont prouvés par les méthodes quantitatives l’article démontre surtout l’importance de divers matériaux historiques pour les recherches quantitatives. Il constate que l’utilisation des methodes quantitatives dans l’histoire des sciences est sans doute utile, bien que tres laborieux a moins que les moyens techniques ne soient a la disposition et les problemes de trecherches théoriques ne soient clairement formulés.


/03:1:19/

Alexandr DRBAL—Václav NEJEDLY

A BRIEF HISTORICAL SURVEY OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF SURVEYING AND CATASTRE ON TRANSCARPATHIAN DURING THE TIME PERIOD OF AUSTRIA-HUNGARY AND CZECHOSLOVAKIA

(Historický přehled vývoje zeměměřictví a katastru na Zakarpatsku v období Rakouska-Uherska a Československa)

The paper deals with the history of surveying and kadastre on Transcarpathian during the time period of Austria-Hungary and Czechoslovakia. The article describes a history of surveying and cadastre on Transcarpathia during the time period of Austro-Hungary and Czechoslovakia. The special attention is concentrated on the organization of land surveying and cadastral service, survey works, cartography, geodetic astronomy, cadastre, gravimetry, geophysics, delimitation of boundaries, photogrammetry, education of surveyors, professional associations and professional press. It is assessed the work, which was done by the Czechoslovak survey engineers and specialists on Transcarpathia.


/03:1:45/

Vítězslav OREL—Mirko TREU

PROBLEM´S QUESTIONS BEFORE THE FORMULATION OF EMPIRICAL GENETIC LAWS IN BRNO IN 1819

(Problémové otázky před stanovením „empirických genetických zákonů“ v Brně v roce 1819)

With the series of methodological questions encouraged Ch. C. André (1763–1841) in 1818 in Brno the sheep breeders to elucidate the transmission of traits determining wool quality of parents to offspring. Next year generalised the Hungarian breeder E. Festetics the treated experiences in the definition of the empirical genetic laws. André´s questions are elucidated also in the context of the research question of heredity formulated in Brno in 1830s.


© M. Barvík 2004