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Dějiny věd a techniky, No. 4, Vol. XXXIX (2006)


217 • Czech Lands and Nobel Prizes for Physiology and Medicine in 1901–1955 • JIŘÍ JINDRA
(České země a Nobelovy ceny za fyziologii a medicínu za léta 1901–1955)

Five Czechs (J. Horbaczewski, F. K. Studnička, J. Wolf, J. Heyrovský and K. Šulc) and five Germans (C. Rabl, F. Hueppe, M. H. Fischer, R. Zeynek and A. Kohn) from the Czech lands were nominated for the Nobel prize in physiology and medicine from 1901 to 1955. In addition, 27 Czech and 16 German nominators were active in the Nobel Prize procedure.

233 • Group of Health care of the Office of the Reich protector in Bohemia and Moravia in 1939–1942. Part I – Origin, Establishment, Division • MICHAL ŠIMŮNEK
(Skupina zdravotnictví Úřadu říšského protektora v Čechách a na Moravě 1939–1942. I. část – východiska, zřízení, členění)

Group of Health Care of the Office of the Reich Protector in Bohemia and Moravia in 1939–1942. Part I – Origin, Establishment, Division The German occupation of the Czech lands and WWII (1939–1945) brought development of new elements of public healthcare policy and administration to the region. According to this process the author first gives a brief overview of the development of most important changes in public health administration in Germany after the Nazi take over in 1933.
The stress is laid on the creating of new infrastructure that was supposed to help accomplish the official Nazi doctrines called “protection of hereditary health” [Erbgesundheitspflege] and “protection of the race” [Rassenpflege] and that was supported by disciplines such as the “racial hygiene” [Rassenhygiene], or the “hereditary biology” [Erbbiologie] and the “racial biology” [Rassenbiologie] at the academic level.
Further the author moves to the examination of the position that took the so called Group of Health Care [Gruppe Gesundheitswesen] that was established within the Office of the Reich Protector [Amt des Reichsprotektors] in Prague in 1939, the very top of the German occupational administration in Bohemia and Moravia between 1939 and 1942.
At that time the main tasks of the Group of Health Care were i) coordination and joint directorship of the German health sector care within Protectorate and ii) control of the Czech lead health care sector.

263 • Henrik Mayer’s Historical Report on the Medicinal Use of Mineral Spa in Rudnik • JANA BALEGOVÁ
(Historická správa Henrika Mayera o lekárskom využití minerálnych kúpeľov v Rudníku)

In 1762 a treatise entitled Examen thermographicum mineralis balnei aurei Rudnokiensis (Thermographic Research of Rudnik Gold Mineral Spa) was published in Košice by staff physician Henrik Mayer. The author details in 16 paragraphs the composition and medical properties of the Rudnik mineral spring, which flows out of the hill Zlatá Idka (according to his location). Three basic mineral additives are mentioned: stibnite [antimonium, Antimon (III) sulphide], vermilion [cynabaris nativa, red mercury (II) sulphide], and vitriol [vitriolum martis, iron (II) sulfate], which are described in terms of their physical and chemical features as well as their medicinal properties. As a physician, the author emphasizes the value of this spa for the restitution of the natural chemical balance of the body. The author mentions the powers of the spa to cure individual diseases. He pays attention to the procedures of using the spa and further care after treatment. Mayer's treatise is an interesting testimony to the medicinal use of mineral spa in Rudnik, which is no longer in use.

© M. Barvík 2006